Kenya

History

Capital: Nairobi

Current Environmental Issues: Water pollution from urban and industrial wastes; degradation of water quality from increased use of pesticides and fertilizers; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; poaching.

People

Languages: English (official), Kiswahili (official), numerous indigenous languages.

Literacy: 78.1% total, 86.3% male, 70% female (1995 est.)

Life Expectancy: 46.95 male, 49.04 female (2000 est.)

Society

Religions: Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 28%, Indigenous Beliefs 26%, Muslim 7%, other 1%

Economics

Total Area: 224,962.42 sq mi - 582,650.00 sq km.

Population: Approximately 31.5 million (50% below Poverty Line)

Estimated Population in 2050: Approximately 38.7 million

Currency: 135 Kenyan shillings (KSh) = 1 Pound

GDP (per capita): $1,600 (1999 est.)

Labor Force (by occupation): Agriculture 75%-80%

Industry: Small-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products processing; oil refining, cement; tourism

Agriculture: Coffee, tea, corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruit, vegetables; dairy products, beef, pork, poultry, eggs.

Arable Land: 7%

Exports: Tea, coffee, horticultural products, petroleum products.

Imports: Machinery and transportation equipment, petroleum products, iron and steel.

Natural Resources: Gold, limestone, soda ash, salt barites, rubies, fluorspar, garnets, wildlife, hydropower.

Politics

Government Type: Republic